Following Operations DESERT STORM and DESERT SHIELD, and preceding Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, the Clinton Administration was examining means and methods to reduce Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein’s ability to conduct war operations.  This followed multiple interventions to include the Gulf War, and subsequent hostile actions against the neighboring nation of Kuwait. Continue Reading

On the morning of 7 December 1941, an organized and large-scale attack was carried out by the Imperial Japanese Military against American forces at Pearl Harbor.  Perhaps one of the most infamous days in history, the attacks at Pearl Harbor and other locations in the Pacific Theater underscored the initiationContinue Reading

Atomic artillery was a staple in the United States deterrence doctrine since the early 1950s. Guns and howitzers of various calibers and carriages were developed with the added mission of delivering atomic payloads throughout the Cold War. These ranged from the 155 mm W33 shell in the M110 and M115Continue Reading

With a 2006 population of around 280,000, the city of Ramadi was a rapidly growing metropolitan area in Iraq. Situated about halfway between Tharthar Lake and Habbaniyah Lake, the city is located about 60 miles west of Baghdad on the Euphrates River. Ramadi is also a converging point for transit,Continue Reading

On the evening of 10 September 2001, it seemed like just any other night.  Parents tucked their children into bed, businessmen and women prepped for their presentations the next morning, families enjoyed just another meal together, and all seemed relatively right in the world.  For ~3,000 Americans, this would beContinue Reading

Situated in the hills that ran along the boundary which divided North and South Korea was the county of Chorwon in Kangwon Province now within North Korea. The land ebbed and flowed along more than just the horizon but to the sky itself. Peaks, ridges, plateaus, and valleys were theContinue Reading

Conflict in the Balkan States is nothing new, reaching back centuries and through countless wars. Following on the heels of Tito’s death in 1980, the collapse and breakup of the former Yugoslavia caused reverberations throughout the region that are still being felt today. A struggle for power to establish newContinue Reading

Following a successful, yet costly, defense of the Pusan Perimeter in 1950, the American-led coalition force in South Korea moved to launch a counterattack against the invading North. Termed Operation CHROMITE, the mission was to land on the Korean west coast near Inchon. Without the benefit of training, the AmericansContinue Reading